Science

Investigating Classroom-related Factors that Influence Student Perceptions of LEGO Robots as Educational Tools in Middle Schools

This paper investigates classroom-related factors such as pedagogical strategies and management of robotics-based educational content that contribute to the formation of student perceptions in robotics-enhanced classes. Robots are becoming increasingly ubiquitous in K-12 classroom in the United States and are used to improve student engagement, interactive learning, innovative thinking, collaboration, problem-solving skills, language learning, and achievement scores.

Author/Presenter: 
Shramana Ghosh
Sheila Borges Rajguru
Vikram Kapila
Lead Organization(s): 
Year: 
2019
Short Description: 

This paper investigates classroom-related factors such as pedagogical strategies and management of robotics-based educational content that contribute to the formation of student perceptions in robotics-enhanced classes.

Coordinating between Graphs and Science Concepts: Density and Buoyancy

Graphs illustrating complex scientific relationships require students to integrate multiple concepts and visual features into a coherent understanding. We investigate ways to support students in integrating their understanding of density concepts through a graph that is linked to a simulation depicting the relationship between mass, volume, and density. We randomly assigned 325 8th-grade students to 1 of 2 graphing activities.

Author/Presenter: 
Jonathan M. Vitale
Lauren Applebaum
Marcia C. Linn
Year: 
2019
Short Description: 

Authors investigate ways to support students in integrating their understanding of density concepts through a graph that is linked to a simulation depicting the relationship between mass, volume, and density.

Impact of Graph Technologies in K-12 Science and Mathematics Education

Graph technologies are now widely available in K-12 science and mathematics classrooms. These technologies have the potential to impact the learning of science and mathematics, especially by supporting student investigations. We use meta-analysis to analyze 42 design and comparison studies involving data from 7699 students spanning over 35 years. In these studies, graphing technologies include computer software such as simulations; online tools such as graph utilities; and sensors such as temperature probes. We characterize the assessments used to measure graphing.

Author/Presenter: 
Dermot FrancisDonnelly-HermosilloaLibby F.GerardbMarcia C.Linn
Year: 
2020
Short Description: 

In this article, authors use meta-analysis to analyze 42 design and comparison studies involving data from 7699 students spanning over 35 years.

Association for Science Teacher Education 2020 ASTE International Conference; San Antonio, TX

Event Date: 
Thu, 01/09/2020 (All day) to Sat, 01/11/2020 (All day)

To learn more, visit https://theaste.org/meetings/2020-international-conference/.

DRK-12 Presenters:

  • Deborah Hanuscin, Emily Borda, and Josie Melton*, Western Washington University; Jamie Mikeska* and Dante Cisterna, Educational Testing Service (ETS)

*Denotes CADRE Fellow or Fellows alumnus

Event Type: 
Discipline / Topic: 

Teacher Agency and Professional Learning: Rethinking Fidelity of Implementation as Multiplicities of Enactment

In this paper we use practice theory, with its focus on the interplay of structure and agency, to theorize about teacher engagement in professional learning and teacher enactment of pedagogical practices as an alternative to framing implementation research in terms of program adherence and fidelity of implementation. Practice theory allowed us to reconsider assumptions about characteristics of effective teacher professional learning, and to rethink our own notions of agency.

Author/Presenter: 
Cory Buxton
Martha Allexsaht‐Snider
Shakhnoza Kayumova
Rouhollah Aghasaleh
Youn‐Jeng Choi
Allan Cohen
Lead Organization(s): 
Year: 
2015
Short Description: 

In this paper we use practice theory, with its focus on the interplay of structure and agency, to theorize about teacher engagement in professional learning and teacher enactment of pedagogical practices as an alternative to framing implementation research in terms of program adherence and fidelity of implementation.

Fostering Video Sharing and Discourse Among STEM Educational Researchers in a Multimodal Environment

Multimedia environments provide multiple resources for expression, collaboration, and knowledge-creation. Yet there is much to be learned about the design of such environments, the forms of collegial discourse that take place, and the benefits of participation. To this end, we study the 2017 STEM for All Video Showcase, a multimodal environment, that enabled educational researchers to share and discuss short videos depicting their federally-funded work to improve STEM education.

Author/Presenter: 
Joni Falk
Debra Bernstein
Brian Drayton
Lead Organization(s): 
Year: 
2019
Short Description: 

This article looks at the 2017 STEM for All Video Showcase, a multimodal environment, that enabled educational researchers to share and discuss short videos depicting their federally-funded work to improve STEM education. In a mixed methods study, authors investigate the forms of participation that took place and the benefits that accrued to those who presented.

From the Inside Out: Teacher Responses to the AP Curriculum Redesign

From 2012–2015, Advanced Placement (AP) science courses underwent a large-scale curricular reform to include more scientific inquiry and reasoning, reduce emphasis on broad content coverage, and focus on depth of understanding, with corresponding changes in high-stakes AP examinations. In this study, we explored how teachers prepared for and adapted to this reform over a three-year period. Data included four waves of individual interviews with 22 AP Biology and Chemistry teachers across the United States. Data were qualitatively analyzed using emic and etic coding.

Author/Presenter: 
Ayana McCoy
Abigail Jurist Levy
Kim Frumin
Frances Lawrenz
Christopher Dede
Arthur Eisenkraft
Christian Fischer
Barry Fishman
Brandon Foster
Year: 
2019
Short Description: 

From 2012–2015, Advanced Placement (AP) science courses underwent a large-scale curricular reform to include more scientific inquiry and reasoning, reduce emphasis on broad content coverage, and focus on depth of understanding, with corresponding changes in high-stakes AP examinations. In this study, authors explore how teachers prepared for and adapted to this reform over a three-year period.

Productive Thinking and Science Learning in Design Teams

Recent reforms in science education have supported the inclusion of engineering in K-12 curricula. To this end, many science classrooms have incorporated engineering units that include design tasks. Design is an integral part of engineering and helps students think in creative and interdisciplinary ways. In this study, we examined middle-school students’ naturally occurring design conversations in small design teams and their learning of science as a result of engaging in an engineering and science unit.

Author/Presenter: 
S. Selcen Guzey
Ji Yoon Jung
Lead Organization(s): 
Year: 
2020
Short Description: 

In this study, authors examined middle-school students’ naturally occurring design conversations in small design teams and their learning of science as a result of engaging in an engineering and science unit.

Longitudinal Investigation of Primary Inservice Teachers’ Modelling the Hydrological Phenomena

To develop students’ capacity for science and to engage them productively in science and engineering practices, science education reform efforts have focused on supporting teachers’ development of conceptual understandings through engagement with both disciplinary content and practices, including science teaching at the primary level. One topic of importance for primary science instruction focuses on Earth systems and, in particular, hydrological phenomena. Scientific modelling provides an effective, practice-based strategy for students’ conceptual development of water.

Author/Presenter: 
Tina Vo
Cory Forbes
Laura Zangori
Christina Schwarz
Year: 
2019
Short Description: 

This manuscript focuses on longitudinal research with four primary inservice teachers’ learning and engagement in model-based teaching about water over three years, investigating teachers conceptualizations and practice modelling water related phenomena over time. Findings from the study indicate while each teacher had individual trajectories in conceptualising and enacting scientific modelling in the classroom, we observed unique approaches within teachers.

Developing Student 21st Century Skills in Selected Exemplary Inclusive STEM High Schools

There is a need to arm students with noncognitive, or 21st Century, skills to prepare them for a more STEM-based job market. As STEM schools are created in a response to this call to action, research is needed to better understand how exemplary STEM schools successfully accomplish this goal. This conversion mixed method study analyzed student work samples and teacher lesson plans from seven exemplary inclusive STEM high schools to better understand at what level teachers at these schools are engaging and developing student 21st Century skills.

Author/Presenter: 
Stephanie M. Stehle
Erin E. Peters-Burton
Lead Organization(s): 
Year: 
2019
Short Description: 

This conversion mixed method study analyzed student work samples and teacher lesson plans from seven exemplary inclusive STEM high schools to better understand at what level teachers at these schools are engaging and developing student 21st Century skills.

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