Elementary

Creating Inclusive PreK–12 STEM Learning Environments

Brief CoverBroadening participation in PreK–12 STEM provides ALL students with STEM learning experiences that can prepare them for civic life and the workforce.

Author/Presenter: 
Malcom Butler
Cory Buxton
Odis Johnson Jr.
Leanne Ketterlin-Geller
Catherine McCulloch
Natalie Nielsen
Arthur Powell
Year: 
2018
Short Description: 
This brief offers insights from National Science Foundation-supported research for education leaders and policymakers who are broadening participation in science, technology, engineering, and/or mathematics (STEM). Many of these insights confirm knowledge that has been reported in research literature; however, some offer a different perspective on familiar challenges.

CRIS 7e Lesson Plan Template

The CRIS “7e” lesson plan template, adapted from the Next Generation Science “5e”, centers the importance of including Elders and Environment in Indigenous STEM teaching and learning. The template is a way for teachers to weave Traditional Ecological Knowledge (TEK) and Western Science into lessons, and has been formative in helping team members integrate community knowledge and land-based education into science learning experiences. 

Author/Presenter: 
CRIS Project Team
Lead Organization(s): 
Year: 
2019
Short Description: 
This lesson plan template centers the importance of including Elders and Environment in Indigenous STEM teaching and learning, and is a way for teachers to weave Traditional Ecological Knowledge (TEK) and Western Science into lessons.

Toward a theoretical structure to characterize early probabilistic thinking

The role of probability in curricula for children has fluctuated greatly over the past several decades. Recently, some countries have removed probability from their preschool and primary curricula, and others have retained it. One reason for such lack of agreement is that theory about early probability learning is still relatively new and under development. The purpose of this report is to sketch a tentative theoretical structure with the potential to anchor curricular decisions and inform further research on early probability learning.

Author/Presenter: 
Randall E. Groth
Jathan W. Austin
Madeline Naumann
Megan Rickards
Lead Organization(s): 
Year: 
2019
Short Description: 
The purpose of this report is to sketch a tentative theoretical structure with the potential to anchor curricular decisions and inform further research on early probability learning.

Gina’s mathematics: Thinking, tricks, or “teaching”?

Students with learning disabilities display a diverse array of factors that interplay with their mathematical understanding. Our aim in this paper is to discuss the extent to which one case study elementary school child with identified learning disabilities (LDs) made sense of composite units and unit fractions. We present analysis and results from multiple sessions conducted during a teaching experiment cast as one-on-one intervention.

Author/Presenter: 
Jessica H.Hunt
Beth L.MacDonald
JuanitaSilva
Year: 
2019
Short Description: 
This paper discusses the extent to which one case study elementary school child with identified learning disabilities (LDs) made sense of composite units and unit fractions.

Epistemological framing and novice elementary teachers' approaches to learning and teaching engineering design

As engineering learning experiences increasingly begin in elementary school, elementary teacher preparation programs are an important site for the study of teacher development in engineering education. In this article, we argue that the stances that novice teachers adopt toward engineering learning and knowledge are consequential for the opportunities they create for students.

Author/Presenter: 
Kristen B. Wendell
Jessica E. S. Swenson
Tejaswini S. Dalvi
Lead Organization(s): 
Year: 
2019
Short Description: 
In this article, authors present a comparative case study examining the epistemological framing dynamics of two novice urban teachers and argue that the stances that novice teachers adopt toward engineering learning and knowledge are consequential for the opportunities they create for students.

Mathematical content knowledge and knowledge for teaching: exploring their distinguishability and contribution to student learning

During the last three decades, scholars have proposed several conceptual structures to represent teacher knowledge. A common denominator in this work is the assumption that disciplinary knowledge and the knowledge needed for teaching are distinct. However, empirical findings on the distinguishability of these two knowledge components, and their relationship with student outcomes, are mixed. In this replication and extension study, we explore these issues, drawing on evidence from a multi-year study of over 200 fourth- and fifth-grade US teachers.

Author/Presenter: 
Charalambos Y. Charalambous
Heather C. Hill
Mark J. Chin
Daniel McGinn
Lead Organization(s): 
Year: 
2019
Short Description: 
In this replication and extension study, we explore these issues, drawing on evidence from a multi-year study of over 200 fourth- and fifth-grade US teachers. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses of these data suggested a single dimension for teacher knowledge.
Resource Type: 
Publication

Growth in children’s understanding of generalizing and representing mathematical structure and relationships

We share here results from a quasi-experimental study that examines growth in students’ algebraic thinking practices of generalizing and representing generalizations, particularly with variable notation, as a result of an early algebra instructional sequence implemented across grades 3–5.

Author/Presenter: 
Maria Blanton
Isil Isler-Baykal
Rena Stroud
Ana Stephens
Eric Knuth
Angela Murphy Gardiner
Lead Organization(s): 
Year: 
2019
Short Description: 
Authors share results from a quasi-experimental study that examines growth in students’ algebraic thinking practices of generalizing and representing generalizations, particularly with variable notation, as a result of an early algebra instructional sequence implemented across grades 3–5.

Children’s Integer Understanding and the Effects of Linear Board Games: A Look at Two Measures

The purpose of this study was to identify affordances and limitations of using order and value comparison tasks versus number placement tasks to infer students’ negative integer understanding and growth in understanding. Data came from an experiment with kindergarteners (N = 45) and first graders (N = 48), where the experimental group played a numerical linear board game and the other group did control activities, both involving negative integers.

Author/Presenter: 
Laura Bofferding
Andrew Hoffman
Lead Organization(s): 
Year: 
2019
Short Description: 
The purpose of this study was to identify affordances and limitations of using order and value comparison tasks versus number placement tasks to infer students’ negative integer understanding and growth in understanding.

Simulations as a Tool for Practicing Questioning

In this chapter we discuss some of the affordances and constraints of using online teaching simulations to support reflection on specific pedagogical actions. We share data from a research project in which we implemented multiple iterations of a set of simulated teaching experiences in an elementary mathematics methods course. In each experience, preservice teachers contrasted the consequences of different pedagogical choices in response to a particular example of student thinking.

Author/Presenter: 
Corey Webel
Kimberly Conner
Wenmin Zhao
Lead Organization(s): 
Year: 
2018
Short Description: 
Authors discuss some of the affordances and constraints of using online teaching simulations to support reflection on specific pedagogical actions.

Scaling up innovative learning in mathematics: exploring the effect of different professional development approaches on teacher knowledge, beliefs, and instructional practice

Professional learning experiences (PLEs) provide teachers with opportunities to improve their understanding of mathematics content and teaching practices. However, PLEs are often conducted in person and in small groups—hence costly and localized. The purpose of the current study was to explore different ways for teachers to engage in PLEs and how these approaches might enable the field to scale up these efforts in a sustainable manner.

Author/Presenter: 
Daniel J. Heck
Courtney L. Plumley
Despina A. Stylianou
Adrienne A. Smith
Gwendolyn Moffett
Year: 
2019
Short Description: 
The purpose of the current study was to explore different ways for teachers to engage in Professional learning experiences (PLEs) and how these approaches might enable the field to scale up these efforts in a sustainable manner.
Resource Type: 
Publication

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