Broadening Participation

Creating Inclusive PreK–12 STEM Learning Environments

Brief CoverBroadening participation in PreK–12 STEM provides ALL students with STEM learning experiences that can prepare them for civic life and the workforce.

Author/Presenter: 
Malcom Butler
Cory Buxton
Odis Johnson Jr.
Leanne Ketterlin-Geller
Catherine McCulloch
Natalie Nielsen
Arthur Powell
Year: 
2018
Short Description: 

This brief offers insights from National Science Foundation-supported research for education leaders and policymakers who are broadening participation in science, technology, engineering, and/or mathematics (STEM). Many of these insights confirm knowledge that has been reported in research literature; however, some offer a different perspective on familiar challenges.

Developing Transmedia Engineering Curricula Using Cognitive Tools to Impact Learning and the Development of STEM Identity

This paper examines the use of Imaginative Education (IE) to create an NGSS-aligned middle school engineering curriculum that supports transfer and the development of STEM identity. In IE, cognitive tools—such as developmentally appropriate narratives, mysteries and fantasies—are used to design learning environments that both engage learners and help them organize knowledge productively. We have combined IE with transmedia storytelling to develop two multi-week engineering units and six shorter engineering lessons.

Author/Presenter: 
Glenn W. Ellis
Jeremiah Pina
Rebecca Mazur
Al Rudnitsky
Beth McGinnis-Cavanaugh
Isabel Huff
Sonia Ellis
Crystal M. Ford
Kate Lytton
Kaia Claire Cormier
Year: 
2020
Short Description: 

This paper examines the use of Imaginative Education (IE) to create an NGSS-aligned middle school engineering curriculum that supports transfer and the development of STEM identity.

Resource(s): 

Preparing Paraeducators for the Teacher Pipeline: Building Confidence Through Professional Development in Mathematics

The article describes our project that was designed to provide experiences to support paraeducators' professional growth in a large urban district by building their mathematical knowledge for teaching and leadership. Providing paras with professional learning opportunities can open pathways to teaching positions, giving them the potential to diversify the teaching pool and address teacher shortages.

Author/Presenter: 
Judy Storeygard
Karen Mutch-Jones
Lead Organization(s): 
Year: 
2020
Short Description: 

The article describes our project that was designed to provide experiences to support paraeducators' professional growth in a large urban district by building their mathematical knowledge for teaching and leadership. Providing paras with professional learning opportunities can open pathways to teaching positions, giving them the potential to diversify the teaching pool and address teacher shortages.

Think Alouds: Informing Scholarship and Broadening Partnerships through Assessment

Think alouds are valuable tools for academicians, test developers, and practitioners as they provide a unique window into a respondent’s thinking during an assessment. The purpose of this special issue is to highlight novel ways to use think alouds as a means to gather evidence about respondents’ thinking. An intended outcome from this special issue is that readers may better understand think alouds and feel better equipped to use them in practical and research settings.

Author/Presenter: 
Jonathan David Bostic
Lead Organization(s): 
Year: 
2021
Short Description: 

Introduction to special issue focusing on think alouds and response process evidence. This work cuts across STEM education scholarship and introduces readers to robust means to engage in think alouds.

Gathering Response Process Data for a Problem-Solving Measure through Whole-Class Think Alouds

Response process validity evidence provides a window into a respondent’s cognitive processing. The purpose of this study is to describe a new data collection tool called a whole-class think aloud (WCTA). This work is performed as part of test development for a series of problem-solving measures to be used in elementary and middle grades. Data from third-grade students were collected in a 1–1 think-aloud setting and compared to data from similar students as part of WCTAs. Findings indicated that students performed similarly on the items when the two think-aloud settings were compared.

Author/Presenter: 
Jonathan David Bostic
Toni A. Sondergeld
Gabriel Matney
Gregory Stone
Tiara Hicks
Lead Organization(s): 
Year: 
2021
Short Description: 

This is a description of a new methodological tool to gather response process validity evidence. The context is scholarship within mathematics education contexts.

LEAP: Learning through an Early Algebra Progression

Designed to be integrated with any curriculum, each grade level includes 18-20 one-hour lessons to be conducted throughout the school year. Each LEAP lesson lasts about an hour is designed to fit within a typical daily math instructional period.

LEAP early algebra curriculum for Grades K-5. Grades 3 and 4 currently available, with the remaining books for Grades K-2, 5 in press.

Blanton, M., Gardiner, A., Stephens, A., & Knuth, E. (2020). LEAP: Learning through an early algebra progression. Didax: Rowley, MA.

Author/Presenter: 
Maria Blanton
Angela Murphy Gardiner
Ana Stephens
Eric Knuth
Lead Organization(s): 
Year: 
2020
Short Description: 

Designed to be integrated with any curriculum, each grade level includes 18-20 one-hour lessons to be conducted throughout the school year. Each LEAP lesson lasts about an hour is designed to fit within a typical daily math instructional period.

Data Investigations to Further Social Justice Inside and Outside of STEM

This article focuses on discussion and preliminary findings from classroom testing of the prototype learning module: Investigating Income Inequality in the U.S. In this module, students examine patterns of income inequality using person-level microdata from the American Community Survey (ACS) and the U.S. decennial census.

Author/Presenter: 
Josephine Louie
Jennifer Stiles
Emily Fagan
Soma Roy
Beth Chance
Year: 
2021
Short Description: 

This article focuses on discussion and preliminary findings from classroom testing of the prototype learning module: Investigating Income Inequality in the U.S.

The Price of Nice: How Good Intentions Maintain Educational Inequity

Being nice is difficult to critique. Niceness is almost always portrayed and felt as a positive quality. In schools, nice teachers are popular among students, parents, and administrators. And yet Niceness, as a distinct set of practices and discourses, is not actually good for individuals, institutions, or communities because of the way it maintains and reinforces educational inequity.

Author/Presenter: 
Angelina E. Castagno, Editor
Lead Organization(s): 
Year: 
2019
Short Description: 

In The Price of Nice, an interdisciplinary group of scholars explores Niceness in educational spaces from elementary schools through higher education to highlight how this seemingly benign quality reinforces structural inequalities.

The Anthropology of Educational Policy: Ethnographic Inquiries into Policy as Sociocultural Practice

Author/Presenter: 
Angelina E. Castagno
Teresa McCarty
Lead Organization(s): 
Year: 
2018
Short Description: 

This book provides a single "go to" source on the disciplinary history, theoretical framework, methodology, and empirical applications of the anthropology of education policy across a range of education topics, policy debates, and settings.

Families’ Capacity to Engage in Science Inquiry at Home Through Structured Activities

The role that caregivers can play in their child’s science education is often overlooked within science education research. Few studies have focused on the capacity and abilities of caregivers to guide science activities. The purpose of this study was to describe how families utilize science activity packs at home. Data indicate that the adults encouraged their children to observe, predict, compare and contrast, draw conclusions, and articulate explanations (inquiry behaviors). Families were also observed utilizing provided questions and talk moves (techniques to encourage conversation).

Author/Presenter: 
Lacey Strickler-Eppard
Charlene M. Czerniak
Joan Kaderavek
Lead Organization(s): 
Year: 
2019
Short Description: 

The purpose of this study was to describe how families utilize science activity packs at home.

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