Educational Technology

Situating Presence Within Extended Reality for Teacher Training: Validation of the eXtended Reality Presence Scale (XRPS) in Preservice Teacher Use of Immersive 360 Video

The use of video is commonplace for professional preparation in education and other fields. Research has provided evidence that the use of video in these contexts can lead to increased noticing and reflection. However, educators now have access to evolving forms of video such as 360 video. The purpose of this study was to adapt and validate an instrument for assessing immersive 360 video use in an undergraduate preservice teacher university training program.

Author/Presenter: 
Enrico Gandolfi
Karl W. Kosko
Richard E. Ferdig
Lead Organization(s): 
Year: 
2020
Short Description: 

The purpose of this study was to adapt and validate an instrument for assessing immersive 360 video use in an undergraduate preservice teacher university training program.

Effect and Influence of Ambisonic Audio in Viewing 360 Video

Research has provided evidence of the value of producing multiple representationsof content for learners (e.g., verbal, visual, etc.). However, much of the research has acknowledged changes in visual technologies while not recognizing or utilizing related audio innovations. For instance, teacher education students who were once taught through two-dimensional video are now being presented with interactive, three-dimensional content (e.g., simulations or 360 video). Users in old and new formats, however, still typically receive monophonic sound.

Author/Presenter: 
Richard E. Ferdig
Karl W. Kosko
Enrico Gandolfi
Lead Organization(s): 
Year: 
2020
Short Description: 

Research has provided evidence of the value of producing multiple representationsof content for learners (e.g., verbal, visual, etc.). However, much of the research has acknowledged changes in visual technologies while not recognizing or utilizing related audio innovations. The purpose of this study was to respond to this gap by comparing the outcomes of watching 360 video with either monophonic or ambisonic audio.

Toward a Productive Definition of Technology in Science and STEM Education

The lack of a definition of the T in STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) acronym is pervasive, and it is often the teachers of STEM disciplines who inherit the task of defining the role of technology within their K-12 classrooms. These definitions often vary significantly, and they have profound implications for curricular and instructional goals within science and STEM classrooms.

Author/Presenter: 
Joshua Ellis
Jeanna Wieselmann
Ramya Sivaraj
Gillian Roehrig
Emily Dare
Elizabeth Ring-Whalen
Year: 
2020
Short Description: 

This theoretical paper summarizes of technology initiatives across science and STEM education from the past 30 years to present perspectives on the role of technology in science-focused STEM education.

Data Investigations to Further Social Justice Inside and Outside of STEM

This article focuses on discussion and preliminary findings from classroom testing of the prototype learning module: Investigating Income Inequality in the U.S. In this module, students examine patterns of income inequality using person-level microdata from the American Community Survey (ACS) and the U.S. decennial census.

Author/Presenter: 
Josephine Louie
Jennifer Stiles
Emily Fagan
Soma Roy
Beth Chance
Year: 
2021
Short Description: 

This article focuses on discussion and preliminary findings from classroom testing of the prototype learning module: Investigating Income Inequality in the U.S.

Machine Learning-Enabled Automated Feedback: Supporting Students’ Revision of Scientific Arguments Based on Data Drawn from Simulation

A design study was conducted to test a machine learning (ML)-enabled automated feedback system developed to support students’ revision of scientific arguments using data from published sources and simulations. This paper focuses on three simulation-based scientific argumentation tasks called Trap, Aquifer, and Supply. These tasks were part of an online science curriculum module addressing groundwater systems for secondary school students.

Author/Presenter: 
Hee-Sun Lee
Gey-Hong Gweon
Trudi Lord
Noah Paessel
Amy Pallant
Sarah Pryputniewicz
Lead Organization(s): 
Year: 
2021
Short Description: 

This paper focuses on three simulation-based scientific argumentation tasks called Trap, Aquifer, and Supply. These tasks were part of an online science curriculum module addressing groundwater systems for secondary school students.

Efficacy of a First-Grade Mathematics Intervention on Measurement and Data Analysis

Well-designed mathematics instruction focused on concepts and problem-solving skills associated with measurement and data analysis can build a foundational understanding for more advanced mathematics. This study investigated the efficacy of the Precision Mathematics Level 1 (PM-L1) intervention, a Tier 2 print- and technology-based mathematics intervention designed to increase first-grade students’ conceptual understanding and problem-solving skills around the areas of measurement and data analysis.

Author/Presenter: 
Christian T. Doabler
Ben Clarke
Derek Kosty
Jessica E. Turtura
Allison R. Firestone
Keith Smolkowski
Kathleen Jungjohann
Tasia L. Brafford
Nancy J. Nelson
Marah Sutherland
Hank Fien
Steven A. Maddox
Lead Organization(s): 
Year: 
2019
Short Description: 

This study investigated the efficacy of the Precision Mathematics Level 1 (PM-L1) intervention, a Tier 2 print- and technology-based mathematics intervention designed to increase first-grade students’ conceptual understanding and problem-solving skills around the areas of measurement and data analysis.

Applying the Curriculum Research Framework in the Design and Development of a Technology-Based Tier 2 Mathematics Intervention

Mathematics interventions aimed at accelerating the learning of students with mathematics difficulties (MD) should be developed through a design science approach such as the Curriculum Research Framework (CRF). Precision Mathematics is a National Science Foundation-funded DRK–12 Design and Development project focused on building mathematical proficiency with the critical concepts and problem-solving skills of early measurement and data analysis among first- and second-grade students with MD.

Author/Presenter: 
Christian T. Doabler
Ben Clarke
Allison R. Firestone
Jessica E. Turtura
Kathy J. Jungjohann
Tasia L. Brafford
Marah Sutherland
Nancy J. Nelson
Hank Fien
Lead Organization(s): 
Year: 
2019
Short Description: 

The production of the first-grade Precision Mathematics intervention was grounded in the Curriculum Research Framework (CRF), which involves a series of iterative cycles of development, implementation field-testing, analysis, and revision. Results from initial implementation studies suggest that teachers and students can feasibly implement the first-grade Precision Mathematics intervention in authentic education settings. Challenges faced in developing technology-based mathematics interventions are discussed.

Making Critical Thinking Visible for Student Analysis and Reflection: Using Structured Documentation to Enhance Effective Reasoning and Communication

Butcher, K. R., Runburg-Larson, M., & Lane, M. (2019). Making critical thinking visible for student analysis and reflection: Using structured documentation to enhance effective reasoning and communication. Science Scope, 42(8), 44-53.

Author/Presenter: 
Kirsten R. Butcher
Madlyn Larson
McKenna Lane
Lead Organization(s): 
Year: 
2019
Short Description: 

This Science Scope article discusses how to foster critical-thinking skills in middle school science.

Designing in Context: Reaching Beyond Usability in Learning Analytics Dashboard Design

Researchers and developers of learning analytics (LA) systems are increasingly adopting human-centred design (HCD) approaches, with growing need to understand how to apply design practice in different educational settings. In this paper, we present a design narrative of our experience developing dashboards to support middle school mathematics teachers’ pedagogical practices, in a multi-university, multi-school district, improvement science initiative in the United States.

Author/Presenter: 
June Ahn
Fabio Campos
Maria Hays
Daniela Digiacomo
Year: 
2019
Short Description: 

In this paper, authors present a design narrative of our experience developing dashboards to support middle school mathematics teachers’ pedagogical practices, in a multi-university, multi-school district, improvement science initiative in the United States.

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