Classroom Practice

Gathering Response Process Data for a Problem-Solving Measure through Whole-Class Think Alouds

Response process validity evidence provides a window into a respondent’s cognitive processing. The purpose of this study is to describe a new data collection tool called a whole-class think aloud (WCTA). This work is performed as part of test development for a series of problem-solving measures to be used in elementary and middle grades. Data from third-grade students were collected in a 1–1 think-aloud setting and compared to data from similar students as part of WCTAs. Findings indicated that students performed similarly on the items when the two think-aloud settings were compared.

Author/Presenter: 
Jonathan David Bostic
Toni A. Sondergeld
Gabriel Matney
Gregory Stone
Tiara Hicks
Lead Organization(s): 
Year: 
2021
Short Description: 

This is a description of a new methodological tool to gather response process validity evidence. The context is scholarship within mathematics education contexts.

“Teaching Them How to Fish”: Learning to Learn and Teach Responsively

The Responsive Math Teaching (RMT) project’s 3-year model for professional development introduces teachers to a new instructional model through a full year of monthly Math Circles, where they experience problem solving and productive struggle from the student perspective while working through challenging open-ended tasks, engaging in mathematical discussions, and reflecting on the process. This paper examines teachers’ views of what they learned from this experience and how it affected both their instructional practices and their visions of mathematics teaching and learning.
Author/Presenter: 
Caroline B. Ebby
Brittany Hess
Lizzy Pecora
Jennifer Valerio
Lead Organization(s): 
Year: 
2021
Short Description: 

The Responsive Math Teaching (RMT) project’s 3-year model for professional development introduces teachers to a new instructional model through a full year of monthly Math Circles, where they experience problem solving and productive struggle from the student perspective while working through challenging open-ended tasks, engaging in mathematical discussions, and reflecting on the process. This paper examines teachers’ views of what they learned from this experience and how it affected both their instructional practices and their visions of mathematics teaching and learning.

Constructing Goals for Student Learning through Conversation

Learning goals differ from performance goals. We elaborate on their function and importance as the guiding force behind maintaining cognitive rigor during mathematics learning.

Hunt, J. & Stein, M. K. (2020). Constructing goals for student learning through conversation. Mathematics Teacher: Learning and Teaching PK-12, 113(11), 904-909.

Author/Presenter: 
Jessica Hunt
Mary Kay Stein
Year: 
2020
Short Description: 

Learning goals differ from performance goals. This article elaborates on their function and importance as the guiding force behind maintaining cognitive rigor during mathematics learning.

Design, Development, and Initial Testing of Asset-Based Intervention Grounded in Trajectories of Student Fraction Learning

One of the most relentless areas of difficulty in mathematics for children with learning disabilities (LDs) and difficulties is fractions. We report the development and initial testing of an intervention designed to increase access to and advancement in conceptual understanding. Our asset-based theory of change—a tested and confirmed learning trajectory of fraction concepts of students with LDs grounded in student-centered instruction—served as the basis for our multistage scientific design process.

Author/Presenter: 
Jessica H. Hunt
Kristi Martin
Andy Khounmeuang
Juanita Silva
Blain Patterson
Jasmine Welch-Ptak
Year: 
2020
Short Description: 

One of the most relentless areas of difficulty in mathematics for children with learning disabilities (LDs) and difficulties is fractions. This article reports the development and initial testing of an intervention designed to increase access to and advancement in conceptual understanding.

Using Authentic Video Clips of Classroom Instruction to Capture Teachers’ Moment-to-Moment Perceiving as Knowledge-Filtered Noticing

In this article, we report on the development of a novel, video-based measure of teachers’ moment-to-moment noticing as knowledge-filtered perception. We developed items to capture teachers’ perception of similarity of their own teaching to the teaching shown in three short video clips of authentic classroom instruction. We describe the item design and relate teachers’ moment-to-moment noticing to their reflective noticing as measured by judgements of similarity teachers provided after viewing each video.

Author/Presenter: 
Nicole B. Kersting
James E. Smith
Beau Vezino
Lead Organization(s): 
Year: 
2021
Short Description: 

This article reports on the development of a novel, video-based measure of teachers’ moment-to-moment noticing as knowledge-filtered perception.

Characterizing Science Classroom Discourse Across Scales

Sandoval, W. A., Kawasaki, J., & Clark, H. F. (2020). Characterizing science classroom discourse across scales. Research in Science Education.

Author/Presenter: 
William A. Sandoval
Jarod Kawasaki
Heather F. Clark
Year: 
2020
Short Description: 

This Research in Science Education article focuses on characterizing classroom discourse in science.

Resource Type: 
Publication

Different Ways to Implement Innovative Teaching Approaches at Scale

Maass, K., Cobb, P., Krainer, K., & Potari, D. (2019). Different ways to implement innovative teaching approaches at scale. Educational Studies in Mathematics, 102, 303-318.

Author/Presenter: 
Katja Maass
Paul Cobb
Konrad Krainer
Despina Potari
Lead Organization(s): 
Year: 
2019
Short Description: 

This article discusses the implementation of innovative teaching approaches in mathematics.

“You are Never too Little to Understand Your Culture”: Strengthening Early Childhood Teachers through the Diné Institute for Navajo Nation Educators

There is international and widespread recognition that early childhood education must be fully inclusive and based on the language, culture, and epistemology of local Indigenous communities (Kitson, 2010). Early childhood education (ECE) programs can only deliver on the promises ofculturally responsive schooling (Castagno & Brayboy, 2008; McCarty & Lee, 2014) when “staff members understand cultural expectations, relationships, and the subtleties of communication, including non-verbalcommunication” within the community (Kitson & Bowes, 2010, p.86).

Author/Presenter: 
Angelina E. Castagno
Tiffany Tracy
Desiree Denny
Breanna Davis
Hosava Kretzmann
Lead Organization(s): 
Year: 
2020
Short Description: 

This article describes one effort to strengthen early childhood teaching in schools on the Navajo Nation that centers the work of two teachers within a program attempting to support teachers in the development of academically rigorous, culturally responsive curriculum across the Navajo Nation.

Initiation-Entry-Focus-Exit and Participation: A Framework for Understanding Teacher Groupwork Monitoring Routines

In this paper, we offer a framework for teacher monitoring routines—a consequential yet understudied aspect of instruction when teachers oversee students’ working together. Using a comparative case study design, we examine eight lessons of experienced secondary mathematics teachers, identifying common interactional routines that they take up with variation.

Author/Presenter: 
Nadav Ehrenfeld
Ilana S. Horn
Lead Organization(s): 
Year: 
2020
Short Description: 

In this paper, authors offer a framework for teacher monitoring routines—a consequential yet understudied aspect of instruction when teachers oversee students’ working together.

Complementary Assessments of Prospective Teachers’ Skill with Eliciting Student Thinking

As teacher education shifts to focus on teaching beginners to do the work of teaching, assessments need to shift to focus on assessing practice. We focus on one teaching practice, eliciting student thinking, in the context of elementary mathematics. We describe assessments in two contexts (field and simulation). For each assessment, we describe the eliciting of three prospective teachers what could be seen about the skills of group of prospective teachers (N = 44).

Author/Presenter: 
Meghan Shaughnessy
Timothy A. Boerst
Susanna Owens Farmer
Lead Organization(s): 
Year: 
2019
Short Description: 

This article reports on how three prospective teachers had differing opportunities to demonstrate their skills in the context of the field assessment, but similar opportunities in the context of the simulation assessment.

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