Application of new automated scoring technologies, such as natural language processing and machine learning, makes it possible to provide automated feedback on students' short written responses. Even though many studies investigated the automated feedback in the computer-mediated learning environments, most of them focused on the multiple-choice items instead of the constructed response items. This study focuses on the latter and investigates a formative feedback system integrated into an online science curriculum module teaching climate change.
This appendix of the California Science Framework focuses on Computer Science in Science.
Citation: Lee, I.2016. California Science Framework. Appendix 5: Computer Science in Science Retrieved on 11-15-16 at http://www.cde.ca.gov/ci/sc/cf/scifw2nd60daypubreview.asp
Pallant, A., & Lee H.-S. (2015). Constructing scientific arguments using evidence from dynamic computational climate models. Journal of Science Education and Technology. 24 (2-3) 378-395. doi 10.1007/s10956-014-9499-3.
Pallant, A., & Pryputniewicz, S. J. (2015). Great Questions Make For Great Science Education. @Concord 19(1) 4-6.
Lee, H-S, Liu, O.L, Pallant, A., Roohr, K. C., Pryputniewicz, S., & Buck, Z. (2014). Assessment of uncertainty-infused scientific argumentation. The Journal of Research in Science Teaching. 51(5), 581-605.
Participants discuss and identify what coordination is needed across DR K–12 efforts to enable sustained collective impact on the issues presented by climate, global, and environmental change.
DR K–12 projects have been funded to conduct (1) activities and develop materials that are beneficial to the STEM education community (teachers and students) and (2) education research to ensure continuous improvement of these activities and materials.
During the lifetimes of our current middle and high school students, it is likely that our planet will undergo more anthropogenic change than it has during all of human history to date. The project is utilizing a learning progression approach for the systematic design of coordinated curriculum, tool, and assessment products focused on climate change biology. This work will provide an empirical and theoretical basis for critical concept development about the impacts of climate change on living systems.
Varma, K. & Linn, M. C. (2011). "Using Interactive Technology to Support Students’ Understanding of the Greenhouse Effect and Global Warming." Journal of Science Education and Technology. DOI: 10.1007/s10956-011-9337-9
Svihla, V., Linn, M. C. (2011). A Design-based approach to fostering understanding of global climate change. International Journal of Science Education. DOI:10.1080/09500693.2011.597453
The document lists and describes DR K-12 projects that have a focus or element of project work that falls into one or more of the following categories: earth science, environmental science, climate change, life science, ecology, or geology.