This paper presents a framework and a procedure for developing vignette illustrations as a form of testing accommodation for English language learners (ELLs). Vignette illustrations are defined as illustrations added to test items originally created without illustrations, with the intent to provide a visual support for ELLs that increases their chances of accessing the content of those test items.
This paper introduces a coding system used to compare the ways English language learners (ELLs) and mainstream students make sense of multiple-choice science items administered in English. Thirty-nine native Spanish-speaking ELLs and thirty-nine monolingual, mainstream students participated in cognitive interviews in which they were asked to report their thinking during and after responding to science items. The coding system was developed based on the analysis of the transcriptions invoking theories of bilingualism, sociolinguistics, and reading comprehension.
This list of ELL resources is a working document prepared by CADRE for the ELL Working Group. New resources will be added as they are identified. This list includes the citation and the article abstract. Please do not circulate or quote this list of resources. Sources are organized alphabetically by STEM Content area (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math), and by the general education topic explored in the paper (assessment, curriculum, instruction, language, professional development, system/policy, technology, and writing).
This tool is a collection of instruments created for ELL by DR K-12 grantees.
To investigate the contribution of the DR K‐12 portfolio to the knowledge base on math and sciencelearning among ELLs, CADRE designed a study to explore the ELL work that is being conducted in theDR K‐12 projects. This paper summarizes the work of this study. It begins with a description of themethodology employed, followed by a presentation of the findings, and finally a discussion of theconclusions drawn from this work.
Three ELL-focused projects will describe their work in light of cross-project challenges.
The purpose of this session is to share information about three of the projects involved in the CADRE working group for English language learners (ELLs) and STEM. The first project, Project MSSELL (Middle School Science for English Language Learners), will report on a two-year randomized-trial longitudinal study and the effectiveness of instructional interventions in academic science among ELLs and non-ELLs matriculating through grades 5 and 6 with comparison to the typical science instruction in an urban school district in Southeast Texas.
Resources mentioned during the presentation:
- Carnegie Mellon University Language Technologies Institute, REAP algorithm- http://www.lti.cs.cmu.edu/Research/tech-reports.html
- Texas A & M Language Diversity Network: http://ldn.tamu.edu
- Transitional Bilingual Observation Protocol (TBOP)