Earth Science

Impact of Model‐based Science Curriculum and Instruction on Elementary Students' Explanations for the Hydrosphere

Developing scientific literacy about water systems is critical for K‐12 students.

Author/Presenter: 
Ben Baumfalk
Devarati Bhattacharya
Tina Vo
Cory Forbes
Laura Zangori
Christina Schwarz
Year: 
2018
Short Description: 
Scientific modeling affords opportunities for students to develop representations, make their ideas visible, and generate model‐based explanations for complex natural systems like the water cycle. This study describes a comprehensive evaluation of a 5‐year, design‐based research project focused on the development, implementation, revision, and testing of an enhanced, model‐centered version of the Full Option Science System (FOSS) Water (2005) unit in third grade classrooms.

Automated text scoring and real‐time adjustable feedback: Supporting revision of scientific arguments involving uncertainty

This paper describes HASbot, an automated text scoring and real‐time feedback system designed to support student revision of scientific arguments. Students submit open‐ended text responses to explain how their data support claims and how the limitations of their data affect the uncertainty of their explanations. HASbot automatically scores these text responses and returns the scores with feedback to students. Data were collected from 343 middle‐ and high‐school students taught by nine teachers across seven states in the United States.

Author/Presenter: 
Hee‐Sun Lee
Amy Pallant
Sarah Pryputniewicz
Trudi Lord
Matthew Mulholland
Ou Lydia Liu
Year: 
2019
Short Description: 
This paper describes HASbot, an automated text scoring and real‐time feedback system designed to support student revision of scientific arguments.

Integrating Geospatial Technologies in Fifth-Grade Curriculum: Impact on Spatial Ability and Map-Analysis Skills

This study explores the effects of geographic information systems (GIS) curriculum on fifth-grade students' spatial ability and map-analysis skills. A total of 174 students from an urban public school district and their teachers participated in a quasi-experimental design study. Four teachers implemented a GIS curriculum in experimental classes over six weeks while three teachers continued with regular teaching in control classes. Both groups completed pre- and post-tests measuring spatial ability and map-analysis skills.

Author/Presenter: 
May Jadallah
Alycia M. Hund
Jonathan Thayn
Joel Garth Studebaker
Zachary J. Roman
Elizabeth Kirby
Lead Organization(s): 
Year: 
2017
Short Description: 
This study explores the effects of geographic information systems (GIS) curriculum on fifth-grade students' spatial ability and map-analysis skills.

MEL Teaching Resources

The MEL project has developed a set of teaching resources to support the teaching of controversial and/or complex Earth and space science topics. Previously developed MEL teaching resources include those for climate change, earthquakes and fracking, wetlands use, and the formation of the moon. Current baMEL resources are under development for extreme weather, fossils and Earth's past, freshwater availability, and origins of the universe.

Author/Presenter: 
Doug Lombardi
Lead Organization(s): 
Year: 
2018
Short Description: 
The MEL project has developed a set of teaching resources to support the teaching of controversial and/or complex Earth and space science topics.

Engineering Encounters: Engineering a Model of the Earth as a Water Filter

This column describes creating a classroom culture for engineering. Noting the importance of infiltration in the water cycle and in the supply of essential groundwater led the authors to develop an engineering activity in which students are challenged to build a stackable filter using the Earth process of infiltration as a model.

Kilpatrick, J., Marcum-Dietrich, N., Wallace, J., & Staudt, C. (2018). Engineering Encounters: Engineering a Model of the Earth as a Water Filter. Science and Children.

Author/Presenter: 
Jonathon Kilpatrick
Nanette Marcum-Dietrich
John Wallace
Carolyn Staudt
Year: 
2018
Short Description: 
This column describes creating a classroom culture for engineering.

Scaffolding Scientific Thinking: Students’ Evaluations and Judgments during Earth Science Knowledge Construction

Critical evaluation underpins the practices of science. In a three-year classroom-based research project, we developed and tested instructional scaffolds for Earth science content in which students evaluate lines of evidence with respect to alternative explanations of scientific phenomena (climate change, fracking and earthquakes, wetlands and land use, and formation of Earth’s Moon).

Author/Presenter: 
Doug Lombardi
Janelle Bailey
Elliot Bickel
Shondricka Burrell
Year: 
2018
Short Description: 
Critical evaluation underpins the practices of science. In a three-year classroom-based research project, we developed and tested instructional scaffolds for Earth science content in which students evaluate lines of evidence with respect to alternative explanations of scientific phenomena. This paper documents a quasi-experimental study where high school Earth science students completed these instructional scaffolds, including an explanation task scored for evaluative levels, along with measures of plausibility reappraisal and knowledge.

Writing a Scientific Explanation

American Museum of Natural History. (2018). Writing a Scientific Explanation. Retrieved from https://www.amnh.org/explore/curriculum-collections/integrating-literacy....

Author/Presenter: 
American Museum of Natural History
Year: 
2018
Short Description: 
This resource provides access to a classroom video of a lesson from the project's middle school ecosystems unit, and the related student scaffold and scoring rubric.

Disruptions in Ecosystems

American Museum of Natural History. (2018). Middle School: Disruptions in Ecosystems. Retrieved from https://www.nextgenscience.org/resources/middle-school-disruptions-ecosy...

Author/Presenter: 
American Museum of Natural History
Year: 
2018
Short Description: 
This resource provides access to the entire middle school ecosystems unit, along with the EQuIP review.

Classroom Videos from Disruptions in Ecosystems Unit

Kastel, D. (2017, August 25). Classroom videos from disruptions in ecosystems unit [Blog post]. Retrieved from https://www.teachingchannel.org/blog/2017/08/25/ngss-from-theory-to-prac...

Author/Presenter: 
Dora Kastel
Year: 
2017
Short Description: 
This blog post includes the link to 4 videos of teachers using the project's middle school ecosystems unit.

Master of Arts in Teaching Program at the American Museum of Natural History

Principal Investigator: 

Wallace, J. (2014, March). Master of Arts in Teaching Program at the American Museum of Natural History. Poster presented at the Noyce Northeast Regional Conference, Philadelphia, PA.

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