Engineering

Analyzing Successful Teaching Practices in Middle School Science and Math Classrooms when using Robotics

A robotics-based curriculum offers numerous opportunities to enrich science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education for students and enables teachers to integrate engineering and computing techniques into educational programs.

Author/Presenter: 
Veena Jayasree Krishnan
Sheila Borges Rajguru
Vikram Kapila
Lead Organization(s): 
Year: 
2019
Short Description: 

This paper analyzes teaching practices that successfully integrate robotics in middle school science and math classrooms.

Designing NGSS-Aligned Lesson Plans During a Teacher Professional Development Program

Rapid technological advances are dominating the evolution of world’s economy and increasingly influencing our daily lives. Even as such advances have greatly improved human living condition, a majority of people either lack the understanding of technology or frequently ignore it. While post-secondary science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) education seeks to remedy this disconnect, its reach is limited because formal education ends for many students at the secondary level.

Author/Presenter: 
Sai Prasanth Krishnamoorthy
Sheila Borges Rajguru
Vikram Kapila
Lead Organization(s): 
Year: 
2019
Short Description: 

This paper describes a program to engage teachers to learn about mechatronics, robotics, and Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) through hands-on activities and collaborative research.

Middle School Teacher Professional Development in Creating a NGSS-plus-5E Robotics Curriculum

The persistent lack of diversity in STEM fields remains a serious challenge for U.S. global competitiveness. STEM jobs are growing 29% faster than any other U.S. sector. Yet, today, white men hold roughly 75% of all scientists and engineering jobs, despite making up only 26% of the total workforce. The cause of this diversity gap can be traced to our educational system, where girls and most children-of-color do not receive equitable public education due to high teacher attrition rates, which in turn affects access to well-trained teachers, and lack of school resources.

Author/Presenter: 
Shramana Ghosh
Veena Jayasree Krishnan
Sheila Borges Rajguru
Vikram Kapila
Lead Organization(s): 
Year: 
2019
Short Description: 

This paper will describe the process and result of developing a LEGO robotics, NGSS, and 5E aligned middle school curriculum during a three-week summer PD program for teachers who teach urban students-of-color.

Investigating Classroom-related Factors that Influence Student Perceptions of LEGO Robots as Educational Tools in Middle Schools

This paper investigates classroom-related factors such as pedagogical strategies and management of robotics-based educational content that contribute to the formation of student perceptions in robotics-enhanced classes. Robots are becoming increasingly ubiquitous in K-12 classroom in the United States and are used to improve student engagement, interactive learning, innovative thinking, collaboration, problem-solving skills, language learning, and achievement scores.

Author/Presenter: 
Shramana Ghosh
Sheila Borges Rajguru
Vikram Kapila
Lead Organization(s): 
Year: 
2019
Short Description: 

This paper investigates classroom-related factors such as pedagogical strategies and management of robotics-based educational content that contribute to the formation of student perceptions in robotics-enhanced classes.

Fostering Video Sharing and Discourse Among STEM Educational Researchers in a Multimodal Environment

Multimedia environments provide multiple resources for expression, collaboration, and knowledge-creation. Yet there is much to be learned about the design of such environments, the forms of collegial discourse that take place, and the benefits of participation. To this end, we study the 2017 STEM for All Video Showcase, a multimodal environment, that enabled educational researchers to share and discuss short videos depicting their federally-funded work to improve STEM education.

Author/Presenter: 
Joni Falk
Debra Bernstein
Brian Drayton
Lead Organization(s): 
Year: 
2019
Short Description: 

This article looks at the 2017 STEM for All Video Showcase, a multimodal environment, that enabled educational researchers to share and discuss short videos depicting their federally-funded work to improve STEM education. In a mixed methods study, authors investigate the forms of participation that took place and the benefits that accrued to those who presented.

Productive Thinking and Science Learning in Design Teams

Recent reforms in science education have supported the inclusion of engineering in K-12 curricula. To this end, many science classrooms have incorporated engineering units that include design tasks. Design is an integral part of engineering and helps students think in creative and interdisciplinary ways. In this study, we examined middle-school students’ naturally occurring design conversations in small design teams and their learning of science as a result of engaging in an engineering and science unit.

Author/Presenter: 
S. Selcen Guzey
Ji Yoon Jung
Lead Organization(s): 
Year: 
2020
Short Description: 

In this study, authors examined middle-school students’ naturally occurring design conversations in small design teams and their learning of science as a result of engaging in an engineering and science unit.

Developing Student 21st Century Skills in Selected Exemplary Inclusive STEM High Schools

There is a need to arm students with noncognitive, or 21st Century, skills to prepare them for a more STEM-based job market. As STEM schools are created in a response to this call to action, research is needed to better understand how exemplary STEM schools successfully accomplish this goal. This conversion mixed method study analyzed student work samples and teacher lesson plans from seven exemplary inclusive STEM high schools to better understand at what level teachers at these schools are engaging and developing student 21st Century skills.

Author/Presenter: 
Stephanie M. Stehle
Erin E. Peters-Burton
Lead Organization(s): 
Year: 
2019
Short Description: 

This conversion mixed method study analyzed student work samples and teacher lesson plans from seven exemplary inclusive STEM high schools to better understand at what level teachers at these schools are engaging and developing student 21st Century skills.

Profiling Self-Regulation Behaviors in STEM Learning of Engineering Design

Engineering design is a complex process which requires science, technology, engineering, and mathematic (STEM) knowledge. Students' self-regulation plays a critical role in interdisciplinary tasks. However, there is limited research investigating whether and how self-regulation leads to different learning outcomes among students in engineering design. This study analyzes the engineering design behaviors of 108 ninth-grade U.S. students using principal component analysis and cluster analysis.

Author/Presenter: 
Juan Zheng
Wanli Xing
Gaoxia Zhu
Guanhua Chen
Henglv Zhao
Charles Xie
Lead Organization(s): 
Year: 
2019
Short Description: 

This study analyzes the engineering design behaviors of 108 ninth-grade U.S. students using principal component analysis and cluster analysis.

The Impact of Engineering Curriculum Design Principles on Elementary Students’ Engineering and Science Learning

The Framework for K‐12 Science Education and the Next Generation Science Standards propose that students learn core ideas and practices related to engineering as well as science. To do so, students will need high‐quality curricular materials designed to meet these goals. We report an efficacy study of an elementary engineering curriculum, Engineering is Elementary (EiE) that includes a set of hypothesized critical components designed to encourage student engagement in practices, connect engineering and science learning, and reach diverse students.

Author/Presenter: 
Christine M. Cunningham
Cathy P. Lachapelle
Robert T. Brennan
Gregory J. Kelly
Chris San Antonio Tunis
Christine A. Gentry
Year: 
2019
Short Description: 

This article reports an efficacy study of an elementary engineering curriculum, Engineering is Elementary, that includes a set of hypothesized critical components designed to encourage student engagement in practices, connect engineering and science learning, and reach diverse students.

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