DRK-12 Research and Products

Publication | High-stakes tests take time away from valuable learning activities, narrow the focus of instruction, and imply that science involves memorizing details rather than understanding the natural world. Current tests lead precollege instructors to postpone...
Presentation | Project Goals -Develop and field test a words-to-video images tool for analyzing selected features of science teaching. -Produce a Guide to Video Analysis of Science Teaching that includes a coding manual for the selected lesson features, a training...
Publication | Research on how students make sense of and use the minus sign indicates that students struggle to understand the multiple meanings of the minus sign. Teachers can support students in developing robust understanding of each interpretation of the minus...
Publication | This report is an overview of the projects in the DR K-12 portfolio.
Publication | This study explores what students understand about enzyme–substrate interactions, using multiple representations of the phenomenon. In this paper we describe our use of the 3 Phase-Single Interview Technique with multiple representations to generate...
Publication | The proposal for the Geniverse project. This project was proposed as NextBio; the name was subsequently changed to Geniverse.
Publication | In this paper we focus on what happens when a task is first introduced to students as a crucial phase of instruction. We report on an empirical study of 132 middle grades mathematics teachers' instruction—in particular, the nature of the ways in...
Publication |  In this article, the authors explore learning about equity pedagogy in mathematics by focusing on the experiences of a teacher and teacher educator within the Centering the Teaching of Mathematics on Urban Youth project. One teacher’s...
Publication | Maps at four levels of scale—global, national, regional, and local—provide a context for mathematical investigations that help teachers learn about their students.
Publication | In the article, the authors locate how mathematics instruction may actively respond to the influence of the discipline of mathematics and exemplify how obligations to other stakeholders may participate in the practical rationality of mathematics...
Publication | Chapter in Mathematics Teachers at Work: Connecting Curriculum Materials and Classroom Instruction.
Publication | The Chemistry Education Research (CER) Doctoral Scholars Program trains a diverse group of graduate students how to develop assessments of secondary and tertiary students’ understandings of core concepts in chemistry. 
Publication | Evaluation work is presented and discussed in terms of evaluative requirements from the National Science Foundation, and in terms of five fundamental issues that undergird practical program evaluation: social programming, knowledge construction,...
Publication | How important is discourse in the mathematics classroom? Interest in this question has grown dramatically as mathematics education has recognized the role of communication in understanding. This book presents portraits of teaching by secondary school...
Publication | With our conceptualization of Harré and van Langenhove’s (1999) positioning theory, we draw attention to immanent experience and read transcendent discursive practices through the moment of interaction. We use a series of spatial images as metaphors...
Publication | The second print issue from summer 2009 of the student science news publication, in pdf format.
Publication | The third print edition from summer 2009 of the student science news publication, in pdf format.
Publication | The fourth print edition from summer 2009 of our science news publication, in pdf format. The articles in this edition, unlike the others, are written by high school teachers who participated in our summer PD.
Publication | The first print edition from academic year 2010-11 of our student written science news publication, in pdf format. This is meant to be printed on large format paper, and folded, but it can be viewed online.
Publication | The second print edition from academic year 2010-11 of our student written science news publication, in pdf format. This is meant to be printed on large format paper, and folded, but it can be viewed online.
Publication | Cullen, C. J., & Barrett, J. E., (2010) Strategy use indicative of an understanding of units of length. In M. Pinto & T. Kawasaki (Eds.), Proceedings of the 34th Annual Conference of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics...
Publication | “Help! I’m stuck!” How many times have you heard a student make a similar plea? What do you consider when deciding how to respond? What reasoning is most productive? As part of a large research project, we explored these questions with 131...
Publication | This paper describes Supporting Research, Service and Teaching in Mathematics Education, or STaR, is a program designed to support new faculty who have taken a tenure-track mathematics education position in a U.S. institution of higher education.
Publication | The Science Teachers Learning from Lesson Analysis (STeLLA) project is a videobased analysis-of-practice PD program aimed at improving teacher and student learning at the upper elementary level. The PD program developed and utilized two “lenses,” a...
Publication | Chapter to appear in C. Malloy (Series Editor) Mathematics for all: Instructional strategies for diverse classrooms, Grades 6-8. Reston, VA: NCTM.
Publication | This brief explores factors that contribute to opportunity gaps in STEM education based on race, ethnicity, gender, ability, and socioeconomic status. It showcases the work of several DR K-12 projects and describes promising approaches for removing...
Publication | In A. Florio (Editor) Mathematics for every student: Responding to diversity, Grades 9-12 (pp. 103-115). Reston, Va: NCTM.
Publication | This brief examines the continued underrepresentation of African Americans, Latinos, Native Americans, and women of all racial and ethnic backgrounds in STEM fields; explains the benefits of collaboration around broadening participation; and offers...
Tool | Planning to submit an NSF proposal this year? This toolkit is a compilation of helpful resources.
Publication | In this article, the authors present evidence from teachers' reflections that this stability was supported by the teachers' intellectual and emotional experiences as learners. Specifically, they argue that engaging in extended scientific inquiry...
Publication | In this paper we argue for the need to design and develop transformative learning ecologies that explicitly position the diverse voices of youth from nondominant communities as central to re-defining and re-envisioning relationally just, pluralistic...
Publication | The Visual Access to Mathematics (VAM) project developed and studied teacher professional development (PD) focused on linguistically-responsive teaching to facilitate ELs’ mathematical problem solving and discourse. This study examines whether VAM PD...
Publication | This study explored the verb clauses and thematic development evident in curriculum materials and in transcripts of teachers planning lessons using the materials.
Tool | This compilation of resources covers topics from blogging to writing policy briefs to plagiarism and copyright infringement to conference proposal writing.
Product for Educators | Design Technology and Engineering Education (DTEEL) for bilingual English Learner Students is a K-5th grade curriculum focused on language development through engineering design and problem solving. Each grade level includes a series of...
Product for Educators | This high school curriculum offers over 61 data-intensive Earth Science investigations, all set in real-world contexts and includes a variety of other activities, including topical fiction and non-fiction readings and research projects...
Product for Educators | Getting Unstuck is a 10-module intermediate Scratch curriculum to help your students develop greater creative and conceptual fluency with code. The curriculum reimagines the classroom as a design studio: a culture of learning in which...
Product for Educators | Use a fictional Earth-like planet to explore plate tectonics as a system of interacting plates.
Product for Educators | The Wildfire Module asks students to consider the question, "How will wildfire risks and impacts change over the next 100 years?" This five-activity module helps students build an understanding of the variables that influence fire...
Product for Educators | This online collection of transformative geoscience resources includes Earth system models, data visualization tools, and curriculum modules. Each module is designed for middle and high school students and is aligned with the Next...
Product for Educators | The SageModeler systems modeling tool facilitates student exploration and understanding of phenomena through the development of their own computational models. Students can validate their models by comparing model output to real-world data...
Product for Educators | Explore the pattern of earthquakes on Earth, including magnitude, depth, location, and frequency.
Product for Educators | The Plate Tectonics module "What will Earth look like in 500 million years?" helps students build a systems view of plate tectonics through focused case studies and interactions with the Seismic Explorer (A data visualization...
Product for Educators | Students will use the Hurricane Explorer model to explain and predict how the path and strength of a hurricane can change, investigate real-world case studies on the risk and impact of hurricanes, and explore the effect of rising global...
Product for Educators | High-Adventure Science brings several of the big unanswered questions in Earth and space science to middle and high school science classrooms: What is the future of Earth's climate? Will there be enough fresh water? Is there...
Product for Educators | Disruptions in Ecosystems is a middle school curriculum unit with supporting teacher materials. The unit includes five chapters, each focused on a specific phenomenon related to ecosystem disruption, including questions around the...
Product for Educators | This resource presents a curricular module for high school biology classes related to the COVID-19 pandemic. The module is made up of 8 lessons that will likely take about 10-15 hours of instructional time. Major themes of the module...
Product for Educators | Assessment tasks intended to support teaching and learning in classrooms that are enacting NGSS-aligned instruction, and to gain insights into grades 3-8 students’ progress in building proficiency with NGSS performance expectations (PEs)....
Product for Educators | In the "How can I make my classroom more sustainable?" unit,  teachers and students collaboratively investigate how to make their classrooms more sustainable.  Using the teaching/learning process of Engineering for Sustainable...
Product for Educators | Learning experiences that spur student curiosity, captivate students with complex mathematical content, and compel students to engage and persevere (referred to as “mathematically captivating learning experiences” or “MCLEs”). Designed...

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